Wikivoyage:Wiki: verschil tussen versies

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Some post import adaptions.
k (robot Erbij: it:Project:WikiWiki, ru:Project:Вики, sv:Project:WikiWiki (Import from wikitravel.org/nl))
(Some post import adaptions.)
==Samenwerking==
 
Wiki maakt het mogelijk een voor willekeurige groep mensen om samen te werken aan de vulling van een Web site. Dat is wat we hier bij WikitravelWikivoyage [[Project:Doelen en missers|proberen te doen]]: het maken van een gratis, complete, actuele en betrouwbare wereldwijde reisgids. Wiki is het gereedschap dat we gebruiken.
 
Omdat de drempel om pagina's te bewerken ''zo laag'' is, voelen mensen zich snel in de positie (hopen we) om kleine bewerkingen te doen en verbeteringen aan te brengen of om zelfs compleet nieuwe artikelen aan te dragen. Wiki verlangt geen ingewikkeld registratie proces. Mensen kunnen een [[Project:Hoe maak ik een gebruikersaccount|gebruikers account]]aanmaken als ze een herkenbare identiteit in de gemeenschap willen hebben. Willen ze dat niet dan hoeft dat niet.
Sure, the abuser may just come back again and put back up their graffitti or whatever. But what seems to happen is that they don't, very often. They usually give up after one, or sometimes 2 or 3 tries.
 
Nobody's 100% sure why, but it seems like if there's a dedicated community that really cares about the Wiki project -- like [[Project:WikitravellersWikireizigers|WikitravellersWikireizigers]] care about WikitravelWikivoyage -- then their efforts will outweigh any single abuser's determination. Abusers just don't care enough to spend a lot of time editing a page over and over just to see '''BIG BOB WUZ HERE''' on the Internet. It's not really worth the effort, and it's not that much of a challenge.
 
See also: [[Project:Hoe ongewenste edits behandelen|Hoe omgaan met ongewenste bewerkingen]]
==Conflict==
 
It happens fairly frequently that two or more contributors to a Wiki site don't see eye to eye. Person A may think that Joe's Restaurant in Crane's Butte, Florida has really great chili; Person B might think it tastes terrible. Whose version goes into WikitravelWikivoyage?
 
Wiki's iterative process has its advantages in these situations. Person A may add a listing for Joe's to the Crane's Butte guide, and B may edit the article afterwards and take it out. A may put it back in. B may take it back out again, or B may change the recommendation for the chili to a critique.
If it stays in this cycle, we have an [[Project:Bewerkoorlog|edit war]] -- people just editing a page over and over. What we usually do, however, is work out a '''compromise''' using the [[Project:using talk pages|talk page]] for that article.
 
Persons A and B would try to figure out what kind of wording meets our [[Project:Doelen en missers|goals]] and expresses a [[Project:neutral point of view|neutral point of view]]. We get to a point where the wording in the article is acceptable to everyone. Through editing and talking, we reach a '''[[Project:Consensus|consensus opinion]]''' -- a version of the guide that gives the [[Project:the travellerreiziger comes first|travellerreiziger]] the best information they need to make their own decision.
 
The downside of this method, though, is that daring, challenging, opinionated or controversial statements tend to get softened or elided out of articles. That's OK, though. WikitravelWikivoyage isn't an entertainment or fiction Web site. It's a '''travel guide''', a reference book that gives practical, factual information to the travellerreiziger. It may not be as flamboyant as something written by a single person, but we think it will still have valuable, readable, accurate travel information.
 
==Wiki markup==
For this reason, most Wiki sites use a special editing format for their pages, called '''Wiki markup'''.
 
The details of the format differ from site to site, but usually it's a simple set of rules for formatting a document. In the [[Project:Wiki markup|Wiki markup]] that we use on WikitravelWikivoyage, for example, you can put a word in ''italics'' by putting two apostrophes (<nowiki>''</nowiki>) around it.
 
This can be kind of frustrating for people experienced with HTML, but it's really quite useful once you get the hang of it. And it does make the text of pages easier to manage when editing a page.
 
Another downside to Wiki markup is that you can't do as much with it as with HTML. The standard Wiki philosophy on this is to emphasize '''content over form''' -- that is, what really matters is what's ''in'' the article, not how it ''looks''. Just in case some really fancy formatting is needed for a page, however, the software we use for WikitravelWikivoyage ''does'' allow some HTML to be used. We try to [[Project:Vermijd HTML|avoid it]] unless really, really necessary.
 
==Authorship==
 
Because ''everyone'' collaborates on ''every'' article, there's not a lot of concept of '''authorship''' in the Wiki world. In particular, on WikitravelWikivoyage, we try to avoid using [[Project:Persoonlijke voornaamwoorden voor de eerste persoon|Persoonlijke voornaamwoorden voor de eerste persoon]] ("I", "we", "me") or qualifying statements with personal opinions or specific experience ("I think that...", "In my opinion", "When I was in [[Beijing]] last fall...").
 
Amazingly, clear, readable text comes out of the Wiki iterative process more often than not. The weird part is that this is no one author's voice (usually), but the melding of a few or maybe dozens of contributors' voices.
 
This isn't to say that people can't gain reputation and respect for their individual achievements and contributions to WikitravelWikivoyage. We appreciate every bit of information, but the more people contribute, the better their reputation in our community. People who've done exceptional jobs writing, editing, and organizing a particular part of the site tend to gain status, and others will defer to their opinion. But they don't "own" any part of WikitravelWikivoyage, and they can't prevent anyone else from contributing. It's a win-win situation.
 
==Ownership==
Each contributor, when they create an article, licenses that work to the public using a '''Creative Commons''' license. The next contributor who edits that article creates a so-called "Derivative Work", which they own the copyright for, and which is in turn licensed to the public -- ''under the same license''.
 
The license we use is very liberal -- it allows anyone to copy, print, or distribute WikitravelWikivoyage articles in any way they want. The only rules are that they have to give '''attribution''' to the contributors who made it, and they have to '''share and share alike''' -- they can't keep other people from copying, printing, or distributing the articles in the same way.
 
So, technically, the latest contributor to an article "owns" the article as it stands. In another way, ''everyone'' owns WikitravelWikivoyage articles -- they can do practically anything an "owner" would do with their own stuff.
 
In practice, we ''all'' have a feeling of ownership for ''all'' of WikitravelWikivoyage. WikitravellersWikireizigers put work into all parts of the site, doing what they can to make it a better travel guide. We're all proud of the work as a whole, and of the part we played in making it.
 
==External links==
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